Follow-on Offering FPO: Definition, 2 Main Types, and Example

She brings in financial markets subject matter expertise to the team and create easy going investment content for the readers. Institutional investors, such as hedge and pension funds, might also be targeted by businesses as possible FPO investors. These investors often have large pools of capital to invest and can influence the pricing and success of the offering. Information regarding the company’s financial situation, management’s analysis, selling stockholders, underwriters, and the hazards of investing in the business are all included in this statement. For example, a company can offer an FPO to raise capital to fund an acquisition, or the shares issued through the FPO can be used as currency to acquire another company. This can improve the company’s financial health and may be viewed favorably by investors.

The fact that the company’s shares are traded publicly enables investors to evaluate the company before purchasing shares. Usually, the cost of follow-on shares is less expensive than the current closing market price. Follow-on offerings are typically done by firms that wish to obtain more funds for a definite purpose, such as financing new initiatives, repaying debt, or making acquisitions. Before investing their money, investors should understand why a firm is making a follow-on offering.

  • If the firm is unable to provide such justification, the follow on public offer is likely to fail.
  • Over 1.8 million professionals use CFI to learn accounting, financial analysis, modeling and more.
  • This is different from an Initial Public Offer (IPO), where a company offers shares to the public for the first time.

However, when existing stockholders sell their shares to the public, it is terming a secondary follow-on public offering. A primary offering lowers the value of the stock, while a secondary offering doesn’t do that. In the case of a follow-on public offering, the market sets the price of the share. This is different from an initial public offering, in which the company sets the price of the share. Since the company is already publicly listed, investors can compare its market value to the price at which it was sold earlier. The common perception is that companies need to cultivate relationships with investment bankers only if they are unlisted and need to go public.

An FPO is one strategy a public company can use to raise capital, but it’s not the only one. Another way companies can raise additional capital is through borrowing—either borrowing from a bank or by issuing bonds. After the IPO, the company had just 100 shares, meaning each share was worth 1% ownership in the company. Now that it’s issued another 100 shares, each share represents 0.5% ownership in the company. That means that unless existing shareholders purchase new shares, they’ve lost some of their stake in the company. In early 2022, AFC Gamma, a commercial real estate company that makes loans to companies in the cannabis industry, announced that it would be conducting a follow-on offering.

Types of Follow on Public Offers:

An ATM offering, in particular, allows a company to raise money over time, at prices that are most favorable to the company. It also has less market impact — meaning less potential for decline in the stock price — than a dilutive FPO. As with an IPO, the investment banks who are serving as underwriters of the follow-on offering will often be offered the use of a greenshoe or over-allotment option by the selling company. Follow-On Public Offers (FPOs) represent a significant financial instrument for publicly listed firms, allowing them to raise capital by issuing new shares. The issuing company, with the help of investment bankers, then determines the price at which the shares will be offered. This can be a fixed price or a price range, depending on the method chosen.

  • It raised approximately $1.67 billion at a price of $85 per share, the lower end of its estimates.
  • Institutional investors that like to invest in well-established publicly traded companies, such as hedge funds, mutual funds, and pension funds, are frequently drawn to FPOs.
  • In some cases, the company might simply need to raise capital to finance its debt or make acquisitions.
  • That means that unless existing shareholders purchase new shares, they’ve lost some of their stake in the company.
  • Existing shareholders were also selling 42,995,239 shares, including 41,350,000 shares from the company’s CEO, Mark Zuckerberg.
  • In this process, ABC Inc. partners with investment banks or underwriters to determine the number of new shares to issue, their offering price, and the overall strategy.

A follow on public offer is an offer by a company which is already listed on the stock exchange to sell more shares to the common public. The difference between an IPO and FPO is that in an IPO, the company gets listed for the first time using an IPO process. However, after listing if the company wants to raise funds a second or third time, it is called a follow on public offer. An IPO is the first time a company goes public and issues shares to the public.

Here’s an example of a Follow-on Public Offer (FPO)?

In contrast, an FPO occurs when a company that is already publicly traded issues more shares to raise additional capital. In a rights offering, a firm grants its current shareholders the option to buy more shares of the company’s stock at a reduced price. This type of FPO is typically used to raise capital from existing shareholders rather than from the general public.

Once the price is set, the company, along with the investment bankers, conducts a roadshow to market the FPO to potential investors. This involves presentations to institutional investors, analysts, and brokers to generate interest in the FPO. A follow-on public offer is a way for a company that’s already public to raise additional capital by issuing new shares to the public.

When a publicly traded company issues additional shares to the public, diluting the ownership stake of current shareholders, this is known as a diluted follow-on public offering (FPO). A Follow-on Public Offer (FPO) is a process through which a publicly-traded company raises additional capital by issuing and selling new shares of its stock to the public via a stock exchange. This is typically done when the company wants to fund new projects or expansions, pay off debt, or increase its working capital. The shares are offered at a fixed price to the public through a book-building process, with the proceeds going directly to the company. Existing shareholders may also participate in the FPO, either by purchasing additional shares or selling some of their existing ones.

Types of FPOs

A non-dilutive offering is therefore a type of a secondary market offering. A follow-on offering (FPO) is when a public company issues more shares after their initial public offering (IPO). It happens when the company wants to raise more capital by giving out additional shares to finance projects, pay their debt, or make acquisitions. A diluted FPO is when a company issues new shares of stock, therefore increasing the number of outstanding shares. They provide an easy way for companies to raise equity that can be used for common purposes.


Companies declaring secondary offerings might see their share price fall subsequently. Shareholders frequently respond negatively to secondary offerings since they weaken existing shares and many are presented below market prices. In 2005, Google sold 14,159,265 shares of Class A common stock for $295 each.

Priority may be given to certain categories of investors, such as institutional investors. The first step in an FPO is for the company to determine how much capital it wants to raise. On the other hand, if a company you’ve been considering investing in is issuing an FPO, it could be an excellent opportunity. Companies often issue their FPO shares at a discounted rate to entice buyers. In other words, the FPO could be an opportunity essentially to buy shares on sale.

• The company would rather sell shares to raise money for expansion and other purposes than take on more debt and pay more interest. Therefore, like any other investment, FPO also requires investors to research about the company and its historical performance. However, it is much easier to research and suitable for investors with a good understanding of risk.

Types of Follow-on Public Offers

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